Current Repo Rate: 2022_WC
What is Repo Rate?
The Reserve Bank of India’s monetary policy helps regulate the cash flow within the economy, using several instruments, such as the repo rate, reverse repo rate, statutory liquidity ratio (SLR) and marginal standing facility (MSF).
The word ‘repo’ is derived from the phrases ‘Repurchasing Option’, or ‘Repurchasing Agreement’. Repo rate refers to the rate at which commercial banks borrow money from the RBI against security and bond collaterals. The assets are later repurchased from the apex bank at a predetermined price, as the name indicates. Similarly, when the RBI borrows from commercial banks, the interest charges is known as the reverse repo rate.
Commercials banks resort to borrowing from the RBI to tide over a fund crisis, seeking short-terms loans, sometimes over a span of just 24 hours.
As of today, the current repo rate stands at 5.90% as per the latest announcement by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), made on 30th Sep 2022 – noting an increase of 50 basis points in the repo rate, going from 5.40% to 5.90%.
RBI Repo Rate History_WC
RBI Repo Rate History
The following table shows the recent repo rates maintained by the RBI:
|Last Update||Repo Rate|
Impact of the Repo Rate_WC
What is the Impact of the Repo Rate on the Economy?
The repo rate effectively determines the volume of liquidity in the economy. An increase in the repo rate will cost lenders more – the impact of which is passed to regular borrowers. When the RBI wants to pump up the cash circulation in the economy, the repo rate will likely be reduced to incentivise borrowing and cash expenditure. The repo rate affects the economy in the following ways:
- Combats Inflation: The repo rate and inflation have an inverse relation; an increase in the rate ensures a limited circulation of cash in the economy, attempting to control the rise in inflation.
- Boosts Liquidity: On the other hand, when there is a dire need for cash liquidity in the economy, a slash in the repo rate helps by promoting a cheaper cost of borrowing and investments.
What is the Current Repo Rate?
The Reserve Bank of India last revised its rates on 30th September 2022, following which some specific rates have changed.
|Interest Rate Type||Current Rate||Last Updated On|
|Repo Rate||5.90%||30 September 2022|
Note: The information is updated as per the Press Release dated 30 September 2022.
Repo Rate Linked Home Loans_WC
What is Repo Rate Linked Home Loans?
When borrowers link their Home Loan interest rates to the RBI repo rate, they link their interest rate to a benchmark external to the lender. Here are two components of a repo rate linked Home Loan:
- Borrowers can link their Home Loan to the RBI repo rate, currently at 5.90%. It lends a degree of transparency to borrowers, letting them monitor one of the factors that dictate any increase or decrease in their Home Loan interest rate.
- The Spread: This is the additional margin lenders charge on top of the repo rate to determine the final Home Loan interest rate. While the repo rate is fixed at the national level, the spread is determined based on the individual’s profile, considering the risk factors attached to your Home Loan application.
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Frequently Asked Questions
The reverse repo rate is a tool in the RBI’s monetary policy that is helps regulate the country’s cash supply. The reverse repo rate controls the rate at which the central bank borrows money from commercial banks. The current Reverse Repo Rate as per the RBI is 3.35%
The repo rate helps regulate the economy’s inflation levels, liquidity, and supply of money. The repo rate is essential when designing new monetary policies.
The repo rate has a considerable impact on the economy:
- It leads to economic growth
- Helps regulate the economy’s inflation level
- It regulates the overall consumption of the economy by either increasing or decreasing it
- It also regulates the money supply
- Availability of cash for retail consumers
When the RBI lowers the repo rate, commercial banks can enjoy lowered borrowing costs, and the benefit will be passed along to customers. Homeowners’ interest rates are lowered as a result. Similar to this, when the repo rate rises, banks also experience an increase in borrowing costs, which results in an increase in the interest rate on home loans.
Your home loan interest rate is directly impacted by any modifications the RBI makes to the repo rate if you choose to link your Home Loan interest rate to the repo rate. Depending on the changes made to the repo rate, your Home Loan's interest rate may fluctuate.
The term repo rate stands for repurchasing option rates or repurchasing agreement rates. Similar to other borrower, banking institutions are also required to pay interest on the money that they borrow from the central bank, and they will do so by pledging their securities such as gold or treasury bills to the RBI in exchange for availing an overnight loan to tackle their cash flow shortage. The repo rate is also used to control inflation in the economy.
Reverse Repo Rate:
The interest that the RBI must pay when borrowing money from financial institutions is known as the reverse repo rate. The reverse repo rate regulates liquidity in the market in order to reduce inflation. With a higher interest rate, banks are more likely to lend money to the RBI, which helps reduce the market's surplus liquidity.
|Reverse Repo Rate||3.35%|
Higher repo rates make it more expensive for banking institutions to borrow money from the RBI, which reduces market liquidity and controls inflation.